The Childhood Resilience Study aims to develop and test a questionnaire for measuring resilience in primary school aged children (5-12 years) that has high cultural acceptability, reliability and effectiveness for use with children from diverse backgrounds, including Aboriginal children, children of refugee background and children of mothers who have experienced abuse by an intimate partner.
The study is being conducted in three stages:
Stage 1: Focus groups with families and a systematic review of existing studies
The focus groups will explore how parents/carers and children (aged 5-12) think about resilience, and what makes kids grow up strong. A systematic review of existing literature is being conducted to identify resilience factors already identified in studies involving children aged 5-12. We will draw on the information from the focus groups and the systematic review to develop a questionnaire for measuring resilience in middle childhood.
Stage 2: Psychometric testing of child, parent and teacher versions of the Childhood Resilience Questionnaire
We will then test the Childhood Resilience Questionnaire with around 200 families and children attending the Royal Children’s Hospital, and teachers nominated by the families. Information from this stage of the study will be used to refine the questionnaire to create a brief, multi-dimensional measure.
Stage 3: Exploration of resilience in diverse and ‘hard to reach’ populations
Further testing of the questionnaire will be undertaken with diverse population groups, including Aboriginal children, children in families of refugee background and children of mothers taking part in a longitudinal study of maternal health and wellbeing after childbirth.
The study will build evidence regarding differences and commonalities in factors promoting resilience in diverse groups of children. It will also generate evidence to inform effective socially inclusive intervention strategies for enhancing resilience in middle childhood.