Each year, eight million children are born with a serious birth defect of genetic origin. The genetic cause remains unknown for more than half of these conditions.
ADHD is one of the most common mental health disorders of childhood, affecting seven per cent of Australian children.
Australian kids are among the most obese in the world. In Victoria alone 22,000 children are seriously obese, 33,000 are obese and 220,000 are overweight.
The incidence of type 1 diabetes has increased by 29 per cent in the past decade, with Australian children among the most affected in the world.
Three thousand babies are born 10 or more weeks premature each year in Australia. Thanks to advances in medical technology, 80 per cent now survive.
Food allergy affects up to 10 per cent of children, and rates are rising.
One in 600 children are diagnosed with cancer each year.
Multiple sclerosis is a disease of the central nervous system that affects around 18,000 people in Australia. The incidence of MS has doubled since the 1980s.