Media, News and Publications

Media and News

No doubt some of you noticed 2000 stories' worldwide impact and media coverage over the past few years. With the help of research such as our study, 2000 stories, adolescent health has become a hot topic on the world stage.

The Lancet Commission of Adolescent Health and Wellbeing

The renowned medical journal, The Lancet, recently conducted a commission on adolescent health and wellbeing which was led by the Chief Investigator of our study, Professor George Patton.

The Commission’s findings represent two years of global work, involving four academic institutions and representatives from 14 countries working with academics, policy makers and health advocates from nations across the world. The Commission gathered data on adolescent populations from around the world and proposed that more investment needs to be made into the health and education of young people, with cooperation from all sectors involved in their wellbeing. Furthermore, the Commission believes it is crucial that young people are involved in the process of improving their health and wellbeing. Commenting on the Commission, the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Ban Ki-moon, stated that “young people are the world’s greatest untapped resource” and that improving the health and wellbeing of young people today is our best chance for a “prosperous, healthy, and sustainable world”. The Commission supported previous research which found that a failure to invest in the health and wellbeing of young people could be detrimental, leading to ‘suffering inequality, and social instability’ throughout the world. Melinda Gates, from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundations, a key funding provider, also state that “we cannot afford to neglect [adolescents] any longer”. The Lancet is launching a new campaign to further investigate this critical topic.

Our study has had a key focus on adolescent health since we began in 1992. We are very grateful to all our participants for sharing your experiences of your teenage and young adult years, which has enhanced our understanding of adolescent health and wellbeing. We look forward to continuing to contribute to the vital area of young people’s health in the future!

2015

The Childhood Phase

In 2015, the 2000 Stories team launched the 8-year follow up of the Victorian Intergenerational Health Cohort Study (VIHCS) with the aim of better understanding intergenerational health. We’ve already conducted many successful interviews with our participating families and thoroughly enjoyed meeting our lovely participants and their children in person. We’ve also had fantastic feedback from our participants about how they and their children found the visit. One participant stated “the 2000 Stories project staff were wonderful to deal with from the booking process to the interview” and another said “it’s great to know that almost 80% still participate in this study … keep up the great work”. This part of our study will continue over the next few years and will be a key focus for the 2000 Stories team. We’re very excited to get in touch with more of our participating families in the coming years! If you were involved in our family study when your child was a baby, and they are now approaching 8 years old, please feel free to call us to discuss your potential involvement in the study on our (toll-free) number: 1800 706 101.

Do the ‘baby blues’ begin before pregnancy?
Our research team assessed 1000 young women, aged between 14 and 29 years, and found that almost nine in 10 women with perinatal depressive symptoms have had similar mental health problems well before becoming pregnant. These are groundbreaking findings in helping to prevent depression during pregnancy by targeting the high risk group. Published in esteemed medical journal “The Lancet”, the study has gained considerable media traction and was syndicated across Fairfax media, in addition to an appearance in ‘The Australian’.

Publications

Our research team has continued to publish papers in highly regarded journals. These papers looked at outcomes for smoking and cannabis use, alcohol and depression:

  • Olsson, C. A., et al. (2016). "Drinking patterns of adolescents who develop alcohol use disorders: results from the Victorian Adolescent Health Cohort Study." BMJ Open 6(2): e010455.
  • Silins, E., et al. (2015). "Adolescent substance use and educational attainment: An integrative data analysis comparing cannabis and alcohol from three Australasian cohorts." Drug Alcohol Depend 156: 90-96.
  • Patton, G. C., et al. Prediction of perinatal depression from adolescence and before conception (VIHCS): 20-year prospective cohort study.2015 Lancet 386(9996): 875-883. http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(14)62248-0/abstract
  • Moran, P., et al. (2015). "Substance use in adulthood following adolescent self-harm: a population-based cohort study." Acta Psychiatr Scand 131(1): 61-68. 

  • Degenhardt, L., et al. (2015). "Does the social context of early alcohol use affect risky drinking in adolescents? Prospective cohort study." BMC Public Health 15(1): 1137.

  • Eisenberg ME, Spry E, Patton GC. From Emerging to Established: Longitudinal Patterns in the Timing of Transition Events Among Australian Emerging Adults. Emerging Adulthood 2015; 3(4): 277-81.

  • Rodwell, L., et al., Comparison of methods for imputing limited-range variables: a simulation study. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 2014. 14(1): p. 1-19.
  • Patton, G.C., et al., The Prognosis of common mental disorders in adolescents: a 14-year prospective cohort study. The Lancet, 2014.
  • Olsson, C.A., et al., Social and emotional adjustment following early pregnancy in young Australian women: A comparison of those who terminate, miscarry, or complete pregnancy. Journal of Adolescent Health, 2014: p. 1-6.
  • Degenhardt, L., et al., The persistence of adolescent binge drinking into adulthood: findings from a 15-year prospective cohort study. BMJ Open, 2013. 3(8).
  • Moran, P., et al., The natural history of self-harm from adolescence to young adulthood: a population-based cohort study. Lancet, 2012. 379: p. 236-43.
  • Horwood, L.J., et al., Cannabis and depression: An integrative data analysis of four Australasian cohorts. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 2012.
  • Swift, W., et al., Cannabis and progression to other substance use in young adults: findings from a 13-year prospective population-based study. J Epidemiol Community Health, 2011.
  • Patton, G.C., et al., Overweight and Obesity between Adolescence and Young Adulthood: A 10-year Prospective Cohort Study. Journal of Adolescent Health, 2011. 48(3): p. 275-280.
  • Patton, G.C., Moving Beyond the Grass Ceiling. Addiction, 2011. 106(2): p. 246-247.
  • Olsson, C.A., et al., Gene-environment interaction in problematic substance use:  interaction between DRD4 and insecure attachments. Addiction Biology, 2011.
  • Nilsen, W., et al., Adolescent depressive symptoms and subsequent pregnancy, pregnancy completion and pregnancy termination in young adulthood: Findings from the Victorian Adolescent Health Cohort Study. J Pediatr Adolescent Gynecology (in press), 2011: p. 1-6.
  • Moran, P., et al., Childhood sexual abuse and abnormal personality: a population-based study. Psychological Medicine, 2011. 41(6): p. 1311-1318.
  • Moore, E.E., et al., Assessment of first sexual intercourse in young women with a history of childhood sexual abuse. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 2011. 51(3): p. 276-279.
  • McKenzie, M., et al., Association of adolescent symptoms of depression and anxiety with alcohol use disorders in young adulthood: findings from the Victorian Adolescent Health Cohort Study. MJA, 2011. 195(3): p. S27-S30.
  • Ellis, J.A., et al., A Role for the DRD4 Exon III VNTR in modifying the association between nicotine dependence and neuroticism. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 2011. 13(2): p. 64-69.
  • Badcock, P.B., et al., Modeling gene-environment interaction in longitudinal data: Risk for neuroticism due to interaction between maternal care and the Dopamine 4 Receptor gene (DRD4). Australian Journal of Psychology, 2011. 63(1): p. 18-25.
  • Van De Ven, M.O.M., et al., Patterns of adolescent smoking and later nicotine dependence in young adults:  A 10 year prospective study. Public Health, 2010. 124: p. 65-70.
  • Olsson, C., et al., Prospects for epigenetic research within cohort studies of psychological disorder:  A pilot investigation of a peripheral cell marker of epigenetic risk for depression. Biological Psychology, 2010. 83: p. 159-165.
  • Moore, E., et al., The prevalence of childhood sexual abuse and adolescent unwanted sexual contact among boys and girls living in Victoria, Australia. Child Abuse & Neglect, 2010. 34: p. 379-385.
  • McKenzie, M., et al., Association of adolescent symptoms of depression and anxiety with daily smoking and nicotine dependence in young adulthood: findings from a 10-year longitudinal study. Addiction, 2010. 105(9): p. 1652-1659.
  • Horwood, L.J., et al., Cannabis use and educational achievement: Findings from three Australasian cohort studies. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 2010. 110(3): p. 247-253.
  • Gall, S.L., et al., Intergenerational educational mobility is associated with cardiovascular disease risk behaviours in a cohort of young Australian adults: The Childhood Determinants of Adult Health (CDAH) Study. Bmc Public Health, 2010. 10.
  • Degenhardt, L., et al., Outcomes of occasional cannabis use in adolescence: 10-year follow-up study in Victoria, Australia. Br J Psychiatry, 2010. 196: p. 290-5.
  • Swift, W., et al., Are adolescents who moderate their cannabis use at lower risk of later regular and dependent cannabis use? Addiction, 2009. 104: p. 806-814.
  • Patton, G., et al., Global patterns of mortality in young people:  a systematic analysis of population health data. The Lancet, 2009. 374: p. 881-892.
  • Moore, E., et al., Assessing alcohol guidelines in teenagers:  results from a 10-year prospective study. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 2009. 33(2): p. 154-159.
  • Swift, W., et al., Adolescent cannabis users at 24 years: trajectories to regular weekly use and dependence in young adulthood. Addiction, 2008. 103(8): p. 1361-1370.
  • Sanci, L., et al., Childhood sexual abuse and eating disorders in females. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 2008. 162(3): p. 261-267.
  • Patton, G.C., et al., Prognosis of adolescent partial syndromes of eating disorder. British Journal of Psychiatry, 2008. 192(4): p. 294-299.
  • Degenhardt, L., et al., Are diagnostic orphans at risk of developing cannabis abuse or dependence? Four-year follow-up of young adult cannabis users not meeting diagnostic criteria. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 2008. 92(1-3): p. 86-90.
  • Swift, W., et al., Adolescent cannabis users at 24 years: trajectories to regular weekly use and dependence in young adulthood. Addiction, 2008. 103(8): p. 1361-1370.
  • Sanci, L., et al., Childhood sexual abuse and eating disorders in females. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 2008. 162(3): p. 261-267.
  • Patton, G.C., et al., Prognosis of adolescent partial syndromes of eating disorder. British Journal of Psychiatry, 2008. 192(4): p. 294-299.
  • Degenhardt, L., et al., Are diagnostic orphans at risk of developing cannabis abuse or dependence? Four-year follow-up of young adult cannabis users not meeting diagnostic criteria. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 2008. 92(1-3): p. 86-90.
  • Reid, S.C., et al., Problem alcohol use in young Australian adults. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 2007. 41(5): p. 436-441.
  • Patton, G.C. and R. Viner, Adolescent health 1 - Pubertal transitions in health. Lancet, 2007. 369(9567): p. 1130-1139.
  • Patton, G.C., et al., Trajectories of adolescent alcohol and cannabis use into young adulthood. Addiction, 2007. 102(4): p. 607-615.
  • Olsson, C.A., et al., COMT Val (158) Met and 5HTTLPR functional loci interact to predict persistence of anxiety across adolescence: results from the Victorian Adolescent Health Cohort Study. Genes Brain and Behavior, 2007. 6(7): p. 647-652.
  • Degenhardt, L., et al., The predictors and consequences of adolescent amphetamine use: findings from the Victoria Adolescent Health Cohort Study. Addiction, 2007. 102(7): p. 1076-1084.
  • Degenhardt, L., et al., Who are the new amphetamine users? A 10-year prospective study of young Australians. Addiction, 2007. 102(8): p. 1269-1279.
  • Anney, R.J., et al., Variation in the gene coding for the M5 Muscarinic receptor (CHRM5) influences cigarette dose but is not associated with dependence to drugs of addiction: evidence from a prospective population based cohort study of young adults. Bmc Genetics, 2007. 8.

2006

  • Patton, G.C., et al., Teen smokers reach their mid-twenties. Journal of Adolescent Health, 2006. 39(2): p. 214-220.
  • Moran, P., et al., Dimensional characteristics of DSM-IV personality disorders in a large epidemiological sample. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 2006. 113(3): p. 233-236.
  • Moran, P., et al., Personality and substance use disorders in young adults. British Journal of Psychiatry, 2006. 188: p. 374-379.

2005

  • Patton, G.C., et al., Reverse gateways? Frequent cannabis use as a predictor of tobacco initiation and nicotine dependence. Addiction, 2005. 100(10): p. 1518-1525.
  • Olsson, C.A., et al., Association between 5-HTTLPR genotypes and persisting patterns of anxiety and alcohol use: results from a 10-year longitudinal study of adolescent mental health. Molecular Psychiatry, 2005. 10(9): p. 868-876.
  • Olsson, C.A., et al., Association between the COMT Val (158) Met polymorphism and propensity to anxiety in an Australian population-based longitudinal study of adolescent health. Psychiatric Genetics, 2005. 15(2): p. 109-115.

2004

  • Sawyer, S., et al., The course of tobacco use from adolescence to young adulthood. Journal of Adolescent Health, 2004. 34(2): p. 117-118.
  • Patton, G.C., et al., Prematurity at birth and adolescent depressive disorder. British Journal of Psychiatry, 2004. 184: p. 446-447.
  • Olsson, C., et al., Association between dependent smoking and a polymorphism in the tyrosine hydroxylase gene in a prospective population-based study of adolescent health. Behavior Genetics, 2004. 34(1): p. 85-91.
  • Coffey, C., et al., Evidence in cannabis research - Reply. British Journal of Psychiatry, 2004. 184: p. 543-544.
  • Bonomo, Y.A., et al., Teenage drinking and the onset of alcohol dependence: a cohort study over seven years. Addiction, 2004. 99(12): p. 1520-1528.
  • Anney, R.J.L., et al., Nicotine dependence in a prospective population-based study of adolescents: the protective role of a functional tyrosine hydroxylase polymorphism. Pharmacogenetics, 2004. 14(2): p. 73-81.

2003

  • Wolfe, R., J.B. Carlin, and G.C. Patton, Transitions in an imperfectly observed binary variable: depressive symptomatology in adolescents. Statistics in Medicine, 2003. 22(3): p. 427-440.
  • Patton, G.C., et al., Life events and early onset depression: cause or consequence? Psychological Medicine, 2003. 33(7): p. 1203-1210.
  • Lynskey, M.T., et al., A longitudinal study of the effects of adolescent cannabis use on high school completion. Addiction, 2003. 98(5): p. 685-692.
  • Coffey, C., et al., Adolescent precursors of cannabis dependence: findings from the Victorian Adolescent Health Cohort Study. British Journal of Psychiatry, 2003. 182: p. 330-336.

2002

  • Patton, G.C., et al., Cannabis use and mental health in young people: cohort study. British Medical Journal, 2002. 325(7374): p. 1195-1198.
  • Degenhardt, L., et al., 'Diagnostic orphans' among young adult cannabis users: persons who report dependence symptoms but do not meet diagnostic criteria. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 2002. 67(2): p. 205-212.
  • Coffey, C., et al., Cannabis dependence in young adults: an Australian population study. Addiction, 2002. 97(2): p. 187-194.

2001

  • Sawyer, M.G., et al., The mental health of young people in Australia: key findings from the child and adolescent component of the national survey of mental health and well-being. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 2001. 35(6): p. 806-814.
  • Patton, G.C., et al., Parental 'affectionless control' in adolescent depressive disorder. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 2001. 36(10): p. 475-480.
  • Bonomo, Y., et al., Adverse outcomes of alcohol use in adolescents. Addiction, 2001. 96(10): p. 1485-1496.

2000

  • Patton, G.C., et al., Adolescent depressive disorder: a population-based study of ICD-10 symptoms. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 2000. 34(5): p. 741-747.
  • Forrest, S., et al., Longitudinal cohort to define the genetic basis of addiction. American Journal of Medical Genetics, 2000. 96(4): p. P159.
  • Coffey, C., et al., Initiation and progression of cannabis use in a population-based Australian adolescent longitudinal study. Addiction, 2000. 95(11): p. 1679-1690.

1999

  • Patton, G.C., et al., A computerised screening instrument for adolescent depression: population-based validation and application to a two-phase case-control study. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 1999. 34(3): p. 166-172.
  • Patton, G.C., Onset of adolescent eating disorders - Dieting may be an early sign, rather than a cause, of eating disorder - Reply. British Medical Journal, 1999. 318(7200): p. 1761-1762.
  • Carlin, J.B., et al., Analysis of binary outcomes in longitudinal studies using weighted estimating equations and discrete-time survival methods: Prevalence and incidence of smoking in an adolescent cohort. Statistics in Medicine, 1999. 18(19): p. 2655-2679.

1998

  • Patton, G.C., et al., The course of early smoking: a population-based cohort study over three years. Addiction, 1998. 93(8): p. 1251-1260.
  • Patton, G.C., et al., Depression, anxiety, and smoking initiation: A prospective study over 3 years. American Journal of Public Health, 1998. 88(10): p. 1518-1522.

1997

  • Patton, G.C., et al., Adolescent suicidal behaviours: A population-based study of risk. Psychological Medicine, 1997. 27(3): p. 715-724.
  • Patton, G.C., et al., Adolescent dieting: Healthy weight control or borderline eating disorder? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 1997. 38(3): p. 299-306.
  • Patton, G.C., Meeting the challenge of adolescent mental health. Medical Journal of Australia, 1997. 166(8): p. 399-400.
  • Kilkenny, M., et al., Acne in Victorian adolescents: Associations with age, gender, puberty and psychiatric symptoms. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 1997. 33(5): p. 430-433.

1996

  • Selzer, R., et al., The branched eating disorders test: Validity in a nonclinical population. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 1996. 20(1): p. 57-64.
  • Selzer, R., et al., The association between secondary amenorrhea and common eating disordered weight control practices in an adolescent population. Journal of Adolescent Health, 1996. 19(1): p. 56-61.
  • Patton, G.C., et al., Menarche and the onset of depression and anxiety in Victoria, Australia. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 1996. 50(6): p. 661-666.
  • Patton, G.C., et al., Is smoking associated with depression and anxiety in teenagers? American Journal of Public Health, 1996. 86(2): p. 225-230.
  • Hibbert, M.E., et al., Computer administration of a school-based adolescent health survey. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 1996. 32(5): p. 372-377.

1995

  • Patton, G.C., et al., Patterns of common drug use in teenagers. Australian Journal of Public Health, 1995. 19(4): p. 393-399.